AskDefine | Define smear

Dictionary Definition

smear

Noun

1 slanderous defamation [syn: vilification, malignment]
2 a thin tissue or blood sample spread on a glass slide and stained for cytologic examination and diagnosis under a microscope [syn: cytologic smear, cytosmear]
3 a blemish made by dirt; "he had a smudge on his cheek" [syn: smudge, spot, blot, daub, smirch, slur]
4 an act that brings discredit to the person who does it; "he made a huge blot on his copybook" [syn: blot, smirch, spot, stain]

Verb

1 stain by smearing or daubing with a dirty substance
2 make a smudge on; soil by smudging [syn: blur, smudge, smutch]
3 cover (a surface) by smearing (a substance) over it; "smear the wall with paint"; "daub the ceiling with plaster" [syn: daub]
4 charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of someone; "The journalists have defamed me!" "The article in the paper sullied my reputation" [syn: defame, slander, smirch, asperse, denigrate, calumniate, sully, besmirch]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • (RP) smî, /smɪə/, /smI@/
  • (US) smîr, /smɪɚ/, /smI@`/
  • Rhymes: -ɪə(r)

Verb

  1. To spread (a substance, especially one that colours or is dirty) across a surface by rubbing.
    The artist smeared paint over the canvas in broad strokes.
  2. To have a substance smeared on (a surface).
    She smeared her lips with lipstick.
  3. To damage someone's reputation by slandering, misrepresenting, or otherwise making false accusations about an individual, their statements, or their actions.
    The opposition party attempted to smear the candidate by spreading incorrect and unverifiable rumors about their personal behavior.
  4. To become spread by smearing.
    The paint is still wet — don't touch it or it will smear.''

Translations

to spread (a substance)
to spread (a surface) with a substance
to damage someone's reputation by slandering, making false accusations

Noun

  1. A mark made by smearing.
    This detergent cleans windows without leaving smears.
  2. A Pap smear.
    I'm going to the doctor's this afternoon for a smear.

Synonyms

Translations

mark
Pap smear See Pap smear

Extensive Definition

A smear campaign, smear tactic or simply smear is a metaphor for activity that can harm an individual or group's reputation by conflation with a stigmatized group. Sometimes smear is used more generally to include any reputation-damaging activity, including such colloquialisms as mud slinging.
Common targets are public officials, politicians, and political candidates. Smear compaigns are often based on information gleaned from opposition research conducted by paid political consultants. To a lesser degree, the term can refer to an attempt to damage a private person's reputation; for example, during a trial, the opposing counsel may attempt to cast doubt on the reliability of a witness.
The concept of the smear campaign is related to the concepts of propaganda, media bias, yellow journalism, and other falsehood-related terms such as libel and pejoration. In extreme cases, smear campaigns may lead to widespread persecution, such as in the case of the Dolchstoßlegende before WWII.

Definition

A smear campaign is an intentional, premeditated effort to undermine an individual's or group's reputation, credibility, and character. "Mud slinging", like negative campaigning, most often targets government officials, politicians, political candidates, and other public figures. However, private persons or groups may also become targets of smear campaigns perpetrated in schools, companies, institutions, families, and other social groups.
Smear tactics differ from normal discourse or debate in that they do not bear upon the issues or arguments in question. A smear is a simple attempt to malign a group or an individual and to attempt to undermine their credibility.
Smears often consist of ad hominem attacks in the form of unverifiable rumors and are often distortions, half-truths, or even outright lies; smear campaigns are often propagated by gossip spreading. Even when the facts behind a smear are shown to lack proper foundation, the tactic is often effective because the target's reputation is tarnished before the truth is known.
Smears are also effective in diverting attention away from the matter in question and onto the individual or group. The target of the smear is typically forced to defend his reputation rather than focus on the previous issue.
Smear tactics are considered by many to be a low, disingenuous form of discourse; they are nevertheless very common.

Examples

Smear tactics are commonly used to undermine effective arguments or critiques. For example, Ralph Nader was the victim of a smear campaign during the 1960s, when he was campaigning for car safety. In order to smear Nader and deflect public attention from his campaign, General Motors engaged private investigators to search for damaging or embarrassing incidents from his past. General Motors eventually was forced to publicly apologize to Nader.
In January 2007, it was revealed that an anonymous website that attacked critics of Overstock.com, including media figures and private citizens on message boards, was operated by an official of Overstock.com.

Legality

In many countries, the law recognizes the value of reputation and credibility. Both libel, a false and damaging publication, and slander, a false and damaging oral statement, are often punishable by law and may result in imprisonment or compensation for damages done.

External links

  • Spinsanity - A U.S. political website that specializes in highlighting smear tactics and other unethical forms of political discourse.
  • FearAndSmear - Exposing fear tactics, FUD and deliberate misinformation in Politics, Business & on the Internet
smear in German: Hetzkampagne
smear in French: Diffamation en droit français

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

anoint, apply paint, asperse, aspersion, attack, attaint, badge of infamy, bar sinister, baton, beat, bedaub, bedizen, beeswax, befoul, begild, begrime, bend sinister, besmear, besmirch, besmoke, besmutch, besoil, bespatter, bestain, black, black eye, black mark, blacken, blackening, blank, bloodstain, blot, blotch, blow upon, blur, brand, broad arrow, brush on paint, bulldoze, butter, calcimine, call names, calumniate, calumny, censure, champain, character assassination, clobber, coat, color, complexion, cover, cream, dab, darken, daub, deep-dye, defamation, defamation of character, defame, defeat utterly, defile, defilement, denigrate, denigration, dip, dirty, disapprove, discolor, discredit, disparage, disparagement, distemper, double-dye, dress, drub, dye, emblazon, embrocate, enamel, engage in personalities, engild, expose, expose to infamy, eyesore, face, fast-dye, fleck, flick, flyspeck, foil, fresco, frustrate, gibbet, gild, glaze, gloss, glycerolate, grain, grease, grease the wheels, hang in effigy, heap dirt upon, hue, illuminate, imbue, imputation, ingrain, japan, lacquer, lambaste, lard, lay on, lay on color, libel, lick, lubricate, macula, maculation, macule, malicious defamation, mark, mark of Cain, muckrake, muckraking, mudslinging, name-calling, oil, onus, overbear, overlay, overspread, overwhelm, paint, parget, paste, patch, pigment, pillory, pillorying, plaster, point champain, pomade, prime, reflection, reprimand, reproach, repulse, revile, revilement, rub, salve, scandal, scandalize, schmear, scorch, sear, shade, shadow, shellac, shut out, singe, skunk, slander, slap on, slather, slick, slick on, slop on paint, slubber, slur, smear campaign, smear on, smear word, smirch, smoke, smooth the way, smother, smouch, smudge, smut, smutch, snow under, soap the ways, soil, soilage, soilure, spatter, speck, speckle, splash, splatter, splotch, spot, spread, spread on, spread with, stain, steamroller, stigma, stigmatism, stigmatization, stigmatize, stipple, sully, taint, tar, tarnish, thrash, throw mud at, tinct, tincture, tinge, tint, tone, trim, undercoat, unguent, varnish, vilification, vilify, wash, wax, whelm, whitewash, whomp, whop, wipe
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